A healthy diet is generally defined as a balanced and varied food intake or consumption of foods of plant and/or animal origin. Different foods contain nutrients that are important for the proper function and development of our organism. The lack of nutrients in the body leads to various diseases, no matter if the reason for it is malnutrition or wrong food choice.
Many diseases are associated with the “wrong” diet – cardiovascular disease, diabetes, osteoporosis, obesity etc.
Obesity is no longer only a “cosmetic” issue, but rather a serious health problem, caused by excessive intake of foods that lack proper nutrients, therefore it is very important to learn how to choose nutrient rich food that provides benefits to our body and helps prevent diseases.
It is also important to select the right food for our body, considering that each person is different and responds differently to the same type of food. In fact, certain foods can cause serious damaging consequences, that is, health issues in some people.
Diet therapy applies knowledge of therapeutic effects of food on certain diseases, which means that specific food is recognized as medicine. Diet therapy involves modification of eating habits and targeted use of certain types of food in order to prevent disease and to support the primary disease therapy.
The purpose of diet therapy is to adjust or change recent diet habits so that new habits can lead to optimal health. Sometimes diet therapy includes avoiding some food and introducing other, more appropriate food.
The most common diseases caused by wrong diet are various metabolic diseases, obesity, cardiovascular diseases (hypertension, elevated cholesterol, heart attack, and stroke), gastrointestinal diseases (liver and gallbladder diseases, pancreatic diseases, GERB – gastro-esophageal reflux, inflammatory intestine disease, swallowing difficulty …), kidney diseases, endocrine diseases (diabetes), osteoporosis, and immunological diseases.